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Critical Thinking Question and Anser


Question 1

Correlation is defined as a measure of relations between two numeric variables while indicates a relation between two variables where one variable is influenced by the other (Geiger, Grossman, Schrader, 2019). People frequently ingenuously claim that when one variable changes, it causes a change in another one. They might have had real-world experiences, but studies to scientifically prove these are usually lacking. For example, children who watch a lot of television programs are more violent. According to the example, TV causes children to be more violent while there is no proof. It might also be that it’s the violent children that like TV programs, or there might be no relations at all.

Question 2

            The consequentialist theory focuses on the results of an act rather than the means. Therefore an act is good if it brings a good result. On the other hand, non-consequentialist deny that our conduct’s wrongness or right should be determined by the consequences our actions result into, whether good or bad (Gustafson, 2018). Non-consequentialism doesn’t repudiate that outcomes can be a factor used in determining an action’s rightness; it insists that even if two acts might produce the same outcomes, one might be right and the other wrong. On top of this, non-consequentialist focuses on moral values irrespective of the outcome, and that’s why I feel it is more reasonable. For example, if the economist could prove that enslaving 2% of the citizens could boost the economy, consequentialists would feel this is the right thing. Most people would not agree to such a thing even if the whole country benefited because morally is not the right thing to do. Non-consequentialists would argue that irrespective of the outcomes, the whole country should participate in building the economy.


Geiger, S. M., Grossman, P., & Schrader, U. (2019). Mindfulness and sustainability: Correlation or causation? Current Opinion in Psychology28, 23-27.

Gustafson, A. (2018). Consequentialism and non-consequentialism. The Routledge Companion to Business Ethics, 79-95.


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